Every student will be definitely assigned to write a research paper at a certain stage of training. This writing assignment usually makes the students feel nervous and creates much anxiety. This situation may be caused by the fact that sometimes students can be inexperienced in this type of writing assignments. They just need to know some tips and have some practice.
Writing a research paper is an essential part of studying and it definitely can’t be avoided by the students if they want to be successful. It is a rewarding experience and students must understand its importance for their future career.
What Should You Know about a Research Paper?
Writing a research paper is the essential part or even the culmination of the research or science project. It is the final product of the process which involves critical thinking, investigation, source overview and evaluation, composition and organization. In fact, writing a research paper can become an important part in the learning how to teach and organize yourself. There is no better way in the world how to master the skills of life learning.
If you are going to write a research paper you need to understand the question or the topic, to find, learn and analyze different sources. After that, you need to make your own conclusions and present your thoughts and statements to an audience. If you do it well you can be sure that you will use these skills in your professional life in any field.
What Special Information Should Be Included in a Good Research Paper
A research paper is not an essay. And you should understand the difference. This writing assignment is based on the scientific experiments and math calculations. So if you are going to write the research paper, you have to include an appropriate data and correct, relevant calculations.
How to Write the Research Paper
As any other writing assignment the research paper demand hard work and special structure. There are many great techniques and tips which can make this work easier. Here you can find several steps of research paper writing. Follow them and you will make your job good.
1-st Step: Choose a Successful Topic
It is a really a big deal. That’s why you should pay attention to this step of the research paper writing. It’s better to choose the topic which is interesting to you and which challenges you as well. Your attitude to the topic and interest in the topic will determine your efforts. So if you want to write with enthusiasm choose the right topic.
Your topic should not be overly wide. Focus on a narrow aspect of the topic. Before approving the topic with your teacher, you should:
- Write your own understanding of the topic and the way you see it;
- Discuss the topic with your friends and colleagues;
- Formulate the topic as a question and try to answer it.
2-nd Step: Finding the Information
First of all, surf the Internet. Accumulate your background information. You can check websites with general information, some useful URLs. There are also many great online encyclopedias. But you should use only trusted sources. Choose domain extensions, like ‘.edu’ which means sites of educational institutions, or ‘.gov’ (governmental institutions). These sources are quite reliable.
After that, you should check out different printed materials which are available in the libraries. They are:
- Scientific magazines;
- Official Publications, other documents.
You can get access to university libraries and your city public libraries, business agencies. Don’t forget to contact professionals in the field of your topic. Read the sources and evaluate them from your point of view.
3-d Step: Noting the Information
The next step involves the process of sequencing, grouping, as well as documenting of useful information on the topic. There are some tips which can help you at this stage of writing:
- Note information about all sources using special bibliography cards;
- Organize sources, according to their importance and relevance.
4-th Step: Making a Thesis and Outline
After analyzing the information you should write down your own statement or thesis. Make it short. Just one sentence. It should be like your special declaration and it should contain your thoughts and beliefs.
The outlining is the most important part of the writing process. All parts of the outline of your research paper should be related to the single topic. Its’ main function is to organize your paper logically. It will ensure your dedication to the topic during the work. You should definitely include an introduction, a body part, and a conclusion in your outline.
5-th Step: Writing an Introduction
This part of the research paper can show your thesis statement as well as the clear purpose of your work to the reader. In the introduction, you should answer the question what is the main reason for your paper? Why are you going to write it? Show your plan and your approach to the topic.
In the outline, you can make a brief review of the points which you plan to show in your research. So in your introduction, you should:
- Show background of relevant data;
- Define concepts and terms when it is necessary;
- Explain the main point and focus of your paper;
- Determine your specific purposes;
- Give your own plan of organization of the work.
6-th Step: Writing the Body
This is the main part of the research paper. Here you should present your experiments and their results, all your arguments and all facts which can support your main statement. Start with a strong argument. After that, use the argument which is stronger. And you should finish the research paper with the strongest argument. Here are some tips on writing the body:
- Always use your outline as a flexible guide to the work;
- Build your research paper around strong points;
- Integrate your own thoughts and reliable sources into the discussion;
- Don’t report about the sources. Explain, evaluate and analyze published works which you used.
7-th Step: Writing the Conclusion
It is the part of the research paper which is restating or rewording your main thesis. Here you should summarize all your arguments and explain how and why you have come to this point of view and this conclusion.
Remember that if some argument or a particular point of your view in your paper is too complex, you need to summarize the information on this argument for your reader. Move from a lower detailed stage to a general level.
8-th Step: Organize Notes
You should organize all the information which you have gathered and read on your topic according to your outline. Don’t only gather your research data, critically analyze it. Use only reliable sources, always check for accuracy of the information which will be analyzed in the research paper. If you want to write a trusted research paper verify factual information and use correct and up-to-date data. Do not include information that can’t be called the relevant.
In fact, you need to present bibliography information in your research paper. So you will need notes. You need to track all sources which you use and all key information about them. Organize your notes and write down bibliographical information for every paragraph which is cited. You can transfer this information to your cited page.
9-th Step: Revise Your Research Paper
On this step of the research paper writing, you need to read your whole paper and check it for content errors, mechanical and syntactic mistakes. It’s better to double check all the facts, calculations and figures. Arrange ideas and points according to your outline. You can also reorganize your outline if it is necessary.
How to Organize Your Work Better When You Write a Research Paper
This work as any other kind of work demands planning. First, think about the way in which you can present all your points and ideas. Before the beginning of the work, try to put yourself in the reader's place and many things will become clear. You should understand which information you should give to the reader and with which facts he may be familiar.
When you are looking for a good topic, try to choose a subject which you can manage. It’s better to avoid too technical, learned, or specialized subject.
When you gather your research materials and resources, write down their bibliographic information (remember author, title, publisher, date and place of publication, as well as page numbers). This information will come in handy in the future.
A research paper is a writing assignment which involves gathering the relevant information, learning the facts about the topic, synthesizing analyzing, and summarizing the information and making the author’s own conclusions. Start your research paper with planning. Always verify the information. Understand and show the reader your purpose of writing a research paper. Be ready to communicate effectively your ideas, thoughts, insights, as well as your own research results to the audience. If you still have any questions or problems with the research paper or other writing assignments you can get a professional help.